Statistics on immigration: one fifth with a migration background

Never before have so many people with a migration background lived in Germany. The educational spectrum is broad.

Whether with or without an immigrant background, it is currently most beautiful by the water. Photo: dpa

There have never been more immigrants in Germany. The number of people with foreign roots rose to 16.4 million in 2014. Overall, a good one in five people in Germany had a migration background, the Federal Statistical Office announced on Monday.

Particularly many people come from the countries of the European Union. The largest immigrant group are the Poles, in the years 2011 to 2014, 180,000 Poles came to Germany, today 1.256 million Poles live here. In the numerical ranking follow the Romanians, Italians, Bulgarians and Hungarians.

The spectrum of education is "particularly broad" among migrants. The Federal Office of Migration states on the occasion of a comparison of the generations between the ages of . Among the young migrants who have moved to Germany since 2011, 44 percent have a university degree. Only 24 percent of the local population without a migration background in this age group have an academic degree.

However, there are also many low-skilled workers among the migrants. This is because 28 percent of young immigrants have no vocational qualification. This is significantly more than the German comparison population, of which only nine percent have no vocational training.

Little non-European immigration

The survey is based on the microcensus, a sample survey of one percent of the population that is then extrapolated. According to the statisticians, the surveys were also conducted in shared accommodations for refugees. However, immigrants from non-European countries still played a comparatively minor role. According to the statistics, about 72,000 Syrians live in Germany.

"Since the outbreak of the financial crisis, immigration motives have shifted," the statisticians noted. In the years following the large waves of guest worker recruitment, family reunification played a major role as a motive for coming to Germany. Since the 2008 financial crisis, gainful employment has again been the main reason for coming to Germany, they said.

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