The U.S. and Iran have overcome their enmity. This opens a door for the settlement of various conflicts in the Middle East.
The threat posed by the previous enemy, the United States, may be only a paper tiger in the future. Photo: reuters
The agreement on Iran’s nuclear program after a total of more than twelve years of negotiations is a major historical breakthrough. The agreement subjects Iran’s use of nuclear technology to very far-reaching restrictions and international controls for the long term of 25 years. This ensures that Tehran will not be able to pursue a clandestine program to develop nuclear weapons for at least the next quarter century. At the same time, the gradual lifting of sanctions frees Iran from its international isolation.
The Vienna breakthrough was made possible because those forces in the political elites of the two main adversaries, the United States and Iran, have finally asserted themselves that want to overcome the deep enmity between the two countries that has prevailed since the 1979 Islamic Revolution. Because they know that the normalization of relations between the still world power and the in many respects most important regional power in the conflict- and resource-rich triangle of the Middle East, the Caucasus and Central Asia is in the well-understood self-interest of both sides.
The nuclear agreement at least opens the door for cooperation between Washington and Tehran in de-escalating and settling various conflicts in this region of the world. However, the agreement is not yet in the bag. Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu and fundamental Republican opponents of any agreement with Iran in the U.S. Congress have already announced "the mother of all lobbying battles" for the next two months to bring down the nuclear deal.
They will receive massive support from the Saudi royal dictatorship, which fears for its privileged relations with Washington in case of a normalization between the U.S. and Iran. And hardliners in Iran will also still try to torpedo the agreement. If the united opponents of the nuclear deal succeed, the Middle East region will be threatened with even more destabilization and war.